Rule #1: All guns are always loaded.
It’s easy to forget that there may still be a bullet in the gun you are handling and operating. This is especially true for those picking up a gun they did not load and does not belong to them. In order to ensure a gun does not accidentally misfire and injure you or those around you, always assume it is loaded and handle the gun accordingly.
Rule #2: Never point the gun at anything you are not willing to destroy
Make sure you do not point a gun at anything you are not willing to shoot, even if you think it is not loaded. Erring on the side of caution is the easiest way to keep everyone around you safe. If you do not point your gun at those around you, there is a reduced chance that they would be injured by an accidental discharge.
Rule #3: Keep your finger off the trigger until your sights are on target and you have made the decision to shoot.
The third rule on our list is an easy one. You reduce your chances of accidentally firing a gun if your finger is not on the trigger. Make sure that you only place your finger on the trigger once you have selected your target and decided you are ready to fire.
Rule #4: Be sure of your target and what is beyond it.
The last basic rule of gun safety is just as important as the rest. In order to prevent unnecessary harm when firing a weapon, you must be sure to know exactly what is beyond your target.